Sunday, May 17, 2020
The Effects of Two or More Environmental Stressors on Aggressive Behaviour An environmental stressor is a situation, which causes a negative emotional experience, accompanied by predictable physiological, biochemical and behavioural changes that are designed to help us adapt to the stressor. The three main environmental stressors are heat, noise and crowding, all of which may result in heightened physiological and psychological behaviour. A large number of studies have investigated the possibility of a connection between temperature and aggressive behaviour. Carlsmith and Anderson (1979) found that hotter weather gives a higher chance of a riot when they looked at disturbances in 79 US citiesÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It could also be a biological explanation. For example, the production of testosterone increases when you get hot (Anderson and Anderson, 1998). The relationship between temperature and aggression is not as simple as either the linear model or the curvilinear model, as other variables may affect the relationship. Crowding, another environmental stressor, is the unpleasant sensation that too many people share the same space. It is personal in how much it affects us, as it depends on how comfortable we feel in the close presence of others, and also how peoples perception of crowding leads to them reacting to certain levels of density. Calhan (1962) conducted an animal experiment into crowding leading to aggression. He placed an expanding rat population into a small area, and observed that they soon began sexually assaulting and killing each other, which confirms a link between crowding and aggression. Research into crowding in Australian clubs done by Macintyre and Hamel (1997) showed that the level of crowding in each nightclub was related to the number of observed aggressive incidents. This is a field experiment, meaning it has ecological validity and is not artificial and so can be applied to real life. However, they did not get participant consent for observations, which raise ethical is sues. It seems clear that crowding is related toShow MoreRelatedResearch into Environmental Stressors on Aggressive Behaviour887 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesResearch into Environmental Stressors on Aggressive Behaviour The two environmental stressors I have chosen to discuss are temperature and over-crowding. A theory that best describes environmental stressors on aggressive behaviour is the negative affect escape (NAE) theory; this claims that when the unpleasant stimuli increases so does the negative affect (the mood) and this leads to an increase of aggressive behaviour or an increase in the escape behaviour, if a personRead MoreThe Behavioral Theory Of Psychology1614 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdetermine a way to explore and understand human and non- human behaviour through laboratory experiments. The behaviourist approach has their main assumption which is to understand the abnormal of all behaviour both normal and abnormal which is learned from the environment. If positive outcome associated with behaviour is repeated but negative associated behaviour is not repeated. In psychology learning is seen as long term change in behaviour is based on experience. For example, when a person goes toRead MoreDealing with Stress and Ambiguity in Organizations2219 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesAssignment STUDENTS NAME: 1. DANIEL NDERI- HD313-C006-3244/2012 2. PATRICK LIVONDOLO HD313-C006- 3243/2012 3. TIMOTHY NYAUCHO HD313-C006-3333/2012 COURSE INSTRUCTOR: Dr. NYONGESA PAUL UNIT: HR3102- ENTREPRENEURIAL BEHAVIOUR MSC ENTREPRENEURSHIP Ã¢â¬âJKUAT (KISII CAMPUS) TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Page i Table of contents ii 1.0 Introduction 1 2.0 Symptoms of Stress 2 3.0 Causes of Stress 3 4.0 Managing Stress 5 5.0 Role Ambiguity 8 6.0 Conclusion 10 ReferencesRead MoreReport on analyze the Behavioural Skill for business about Faboil Ltd2371 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesevolved into a relatively successful organisation within the biotechnology field. In this report I will give a analysis of RichardÃ¢â¬â¢s managerial roles and used the assertiveness skills theory to analyze CaroleÃ¢â¬â¢s inassertiveness. Then I will explain the effects of conflict and how should conflict be resolved. At last, I also give some time management techniques to Carole to manage time better, and give some useful methods of stress resolution. Findings 1. Management RolesÃ¢â¬âHenry Minzberg Although theoristsRead MoreNursing Theory of Imogene King5964 Words Ã |Ã 24 Pages | |Nurses should identify patients Ã¢â¬Ëneed-for Ã¢â¬âhelpÃ¢â¬â¢ by: | |Observation | |Understanding client behaviour | |Identifying cause of discomfort | |Determining if clients can resolve problems or have a need for help | | Read MoreTheoretical Foundations of Nursing4269 Words Ã |Ã 18 PagesTHEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF NURSING A. ENVIRONMENTAL THEORY Ã¢â¬Å"I think oneÃ¢â¬â¢s feelings waste themselves in words; they ought all to be distilled into actions which bring results.Ã¢â¬ Florence Nightingale (1860) Florence Nightingale defined Nursing as Ã¢â¬Å"the act of utilizing the environment of the patient to assist him in his recoveryÃ¢â¬ (1860/1969), that it involves the nurses initiative to configure environmental settings appropriate for the gradual restoration of the patients health, and thatRead MorePeer Pressure Towards Negative Behaviour and Classroom Quality Effects on Academic Achievement2678 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesChildren are often viewed as happy, carefree beings without having to care for most stressors in life. However, take a closer look and we would understand that children do have their growing pains as well. In this research, children are defined as young kids below the age of 12. As they grow older, they undergo many changes in their life, and it is of no surprise that they need to learn to cope from the situation based on those changes. This study is designed to understand the underlying theoriesRead MoreAdm2336 Final Exam4399 Words Ã |Ã 18 PagesFinal Exam ADM 2336 Sections B C Organizational Behaviour December 10, 2006 Professor: Jules R. Carriere, Ph.D. CAREFULLY READ AND FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS: 1) Answer all questions. Write your answers computer readable answer sheet and follow the marking directions. 2) Books and notes are prohibited. All calculators, cellular phones and dictionaries are prohibited. 3) Do not ask the professors or invigilators to interpret the exam questions. 4) Do not remove the staple. 5) Return all examinationRead MoreThe Effects of Ethical Climates on Bullying Behaviour in the Workplace13824 Words Ã |Ã 56 PagesSpringer 2008 The Effects of Ethical Climates on Bullying Behaviour in the Workplace Ã ¨ Fusun Bulutlar Ã ¨ Ã ¨ Ela Unler Oz ABSTRACT. Various aspects of the relationship between ethical climate types and organizational commitment have been examined, although a relationship with the concept of bullying, which may be very detrimental to an organization, has not attracted significant attention. This study contributes to the existing research by taking the effects of bullying behaviour into considerationRead MoreChildren With Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay2241 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesAbstract Siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder have received little Research attention historically, with most family studies focusing on either the child with the illness/disorder or the parents. More recently, research has identified that these children may need support in their own right, yet little published research is reported to inform this support. The aim of this systematic review was to identify the extent to which siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder facing
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Overview Wallace Scott Elementary School is part of the Masonville Independent School District. The rural community of Masonville has a population of 15,000. The school is labeled Ã¢â¬Å"at riskÃ¢â¬ due to factors like transience, underemployment, and poverty. In addition to being a Title 1 school, Scott Elementary also serves a large population of students identified by the teachers as reluctant years. The demographic is primarily minorities, with 65% Hispanic and 30% African-American students. Because of the aforementioned socio-economic barriers, the school consistently has a high percentage of special needs students, 20% of whom are identified as dyslexic. The library houses a print collection of nearly 6,000 print books. The digital collectionÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦If not served, struggling students at Scott run the risk of functional illiteracy, which will greatly decrease their employment opportunities, income, independence, and overall productivity. All materials purchased by the grant will serve to combat this problem in the Masonville community. The collection would include materials for educating parents/teachers concerning assisting the students, as well as visual and tactile aids. Posters showcasing dyslexic celebrities including Whoopi Goldberg, Tom Cruise, Albert Einstein, Winston Churchill, and Walt Disney will be prominently displayed in the section labeled; Everything Is Scrambled In My Head!, which shall be housed all together in one location for easy access to the students, teachers and parents. A free informational program called Ã¢â¬Å"Everything Scrambled In My Head!Ã¢â¬ will be offered to educate the community about dyslexia and introduce the materials. A local community member who identifies as dyslexic will be the guest speaker. Activities that demonstrate how a dyslexic sees written print shall be demonstrated. The library will provide handouts and information from the International Dyslexia Association and the American Dyslexia Association, which discusses dyslexia and how to obtain help. Teachers will be encouraged to read the childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s books to their class. Mission Statement and Goals Wallace Scott Elementary Library Learning CommonsÃ¢â¬â¢ mission is to foster lifelong learning andShow MoreRelatedEvaluation Of The Elementary School994 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThis lesson was taught November 12, 2015 at Rosa Taylor Elementary School in Miss. BaggottÃ¢â¬â¢s fifth grade class. That week the students went to see Miller Middle School November 10th and were out of school for VeteranÃ¢â¬â¢s Day on November 11th. This week in math the students were learning about polygons and their characteristics. Triangles have a first and last name describing the sides and types of angles. There are different types of quadrilaterals and other polygons with five for more signs. ForRead MoreEvaluation Of A Research On The Data Collection At An Elementary School Classroom1241 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages5. Were the data collected in a way that addressed the research issue? Four focus groups were held. The setting for the data collection was at an elementary school classroom. The researcher does not justify the use of the specific setting to the reader. It also did not states the impact the setting had on participant in terms of their emotions and participation level, it only stated that there some challenges. Observations and personal experience is an important avenue through which data can be collectedRead MoreThe Planning Processes at the Far West Elementary School: An Analysis931 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFar West Elementary School The Far West Elementary School serves primarily immigrant children, coming from foreign families and seeking a better life in the United States, while taking advantage of the lower price of real estate in the neighborhood. The educational facility aims to create an environment where the children would thrive in an academic manner, where they would gain more self esteem and responsibility and where the life long goals are valued and emphasized upon. The Far West ElementaryRead MoreSan Bernardino City Unified School District858 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPROGRAM DESCRIPTION Introduction San Bernardino City Unified School District houses one of the largest populations for students with moderate to severe disabilities within the Inland Empire. Over the past decade San Bernardino City Unified School District (SBCUSD) has sustained an influx of students who qualify for a moderate to severe special day classroom (SDC) setting and special education services. Effectively educating youth with moderate to severe disabilities is not a simplex task, asRead MoreDescriptive Framework1096 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesorganization that I selected for the Organizational Communication Analysis is Kelsey Elementary School. As a mother of a fifth grader, I am always interested in the communication efforts associated with elementary schools. In the past, school administrators and teachers were only able to communicate in person, through written correspondence, or by telephone. The technological advancements of the 21st century provide school faculty with the opportunity to connect with oth ers using a plethora of communicationRead MoreChapter Iii:. Methods. Introduction. Chapter Two Discussed1701 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe media framework is one way to keep the curriculum relevant and engaging. This chapter outlines three projects that show how integrating 21st century skills in the elementary media framework can create authentic and meaningful learning experiences. Project one is the creation of a scope and sequence for the use of an elementary media specialist teaching grades kindergarten through fifth. Project two is the culmination of 24 step- by- step lessons that integrate with the scope and sequence. LastlyRead MoreCurriculum Strengths and Weaknesses1333 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescurriculum of a school in the United States. The strengths and weaknesses of the curriculum were assessed and are explained below. Besides this, recommendations are also provided for improving the physical education curriculum of the school. Strengths and weaknesses of the school physical education program The school-community environment was examined and the quality of the environment was considered to be moderately strong. The awareness of the mission/philosophy statement of the school is strong,Read MoreSchool Library Media Centers1240 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhen it comes to schools and evaluations, most people would think of student evaluations like the end-of-course exams or the ACT or the ever controversial teacher performance evaluations. There could be a more important evaluation system than these, however, because this evaluation can directly affect both teacher and student performance and as such, the overall rating of the school: the assessment of the school library media center. School libraries have been given a lofty order. According theRead MorePeter Arrived At Mt. Zion Elementary931 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesarrived at Mt. Zion Elementary as a 3rd grader in December of 2013. Prior to this, he attended Stockbridge Elementary in Henry County, Georgia. He attended 2nd grade at this school from September of 2012 to December of 2013. Previously, he was enrolled at Mt. Zion Primary and East Clayton Elementary (both in Clayton County) for Pre-k through the first month of his 2nd grade year. According to records made available by Henry County, Peter was experiencing significant distress at his school. As indicatedRead MoreThe Misdiagnosis of Children with ADHD1498 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand using a prevalence rate of 5%, a conservative estimate of the annual societal COI for ADHD in childhood and adolescence is $42.5 billion, with a range between $36 billion and $52.4 billion. As discussed, this misdiagnosis affects families and schools, but the funding to provide those children with medications and treatments are affected as well due to the high cost per child. Methodology This paper critiques the theory that underlies teacher referral for ADHD diagnosis and the variables of misdiagnosing
Question: Discuss About The Comparative Issues In International Management? Answer: Introduction The Indian market if diversely affected by the eating habits of the people affected by their religious beliefs. Hinduism is widespread over India, and their religion does not allow them to consume cow meat as they view a cow to be sacred. Therefore, meat is not widely sold in like all restaurants in India due to religious restriction. Islam is also a highly followed religion, and Islam religion does not allow consumption of pork meat. Another common religion is Jainism. Followers of Jainism therefore mostly consume vegetables purely. For a company to be able to sustain itself in the Indian market, then it should, therefore, have to put into considerations the Indians' eating habits and their religious culture. McDonalds and KFC, therefore, had to avoid adding any beef or pork in all their products which have been proved to be high selling in western countries which is a total contrast to India. McDonald's, therefore, shifted to adding chicken to their menu. McDonald's also introduced vegetarian menu for the Jainism and those whole love vegetables, and this as proved to be working for McDonald's restaurant operating widely in all cities in India. Multinational cooperation operating in India and other countries largely depends on the heterogeneous group of workers that play a very critical part in every stage of the working process in any company. To cater for different customer demand, the heterogamous is very important since they create opportunities and challenges to an organization (Adler, 2002), this help in the understanding management of the organization indoor to ensure maximum efficiency from the members. Diverse groups at workplace create conflicts (Pelled, 1999). This conflict is as a result of misunderstanding and grouping themselves within their cultural boundaries and social class. According to Caldwell in a diverse group, communication is more difficult (Ancona and Caldwell, 1992). The communication is not flowing since it stops at one point due to cultural barriers. Also, cohesion between the groups reduces within time. Cross- cultural usually creates predictable attitude change. Multinational mostly prefer a cosmopolitan ethic or country (Watson, 1957). Globalization has a positive influence in the workplace by causing behavior changes, team arrangement and set dynamics as the organization is working with the majority of diverse workers (Dong and Luis, 2010). Understanding the ability in networking with different cultures is the key device for the success of the organization (Thomas and Inkson, 2004). In todays workforce market managers with high cross cultural are on high demand (Dong and Liu, 2010). In this study we focus on two multinational companies in India; KFC and McDonald cooperation. KFC is the leading chicken meat seller. It operates almost worldwide both in developed and developing countries. Other than being globalized, India has encouraged investors from international companies to invest in her economy through reducing taxes. Globalization has made international trade easy through the elimination of some barriers to trade and also reducing any threat that may be involved. For a long time, international companies have been performing poorly in the Indian market since investors have not been aware of the Indian culture. The poor performance has made them run away leading to collapse of these industries. The most important and key issue is to understand the consumer behavior of the people. It plays a crucial part in the fried chicken meat production since it determines the availability of market. Background of KFC KFC, on the other hand, was established in 1930 by Harland Sanders. Sanders used to cook and serve food to travelers at the Corbin service station in the US. He mostly served fried chicken with other delicacies the chicken delicacies started gaining interest to a lot of people, and it became popular with time. With time he improved his service delivery and opened a Motel earlier named as Sander Court. He perfected the act of preparing chicken and this time adding other spices and herbs. In 1952, he started franchising the unique product. He traveled by car going to every restaurant and teaching them how to prepare the chicken. He had to sign an agreement where he gets a nickel for every plate sold. With time in 1964, he managed to franchise around 600 outlets (Gardberg Fombrun, 2009). Scope of the study Our study focus will mostly be limited to India and its environments, together with cities surrounding the Indian market and people whose culture is mostly related to Hinduism, Islam, and Jainism. We also focused on Indian towns such as Mumbai, Bangalore, Hennai, Pune, Kolkata, Hyderabad, New Delhi, Surat, Kanpur and Guru Gram among others. KFC in India Fast food companies like KFC and McDonalds were allowed into India in 1990 brought about by the Governments Liberalization policy. KFC owned by PEPSICO.KFC was the first to step on the Indian soil and opened up about 30 branched in India. The first launch was done in Bangalore which became the target due to the status of the population residing in the area as middle-class people. Problems Faced by KFC in India National problems Laws In place Just like any other given nation, India has its rules and regulations that are in place to make sure that sanity in the business world is maintained. KFC is no a local company as far as India is concerned; it is an American company that decided to spread its wings to India. Therefore, the company ought to have gone through numerous processes before being embraced. When one sets up a business in India, he or she must go through some laws as opposed to other nations where only one law is used to govern the foreign investors (Ciochetto, 2004). Regional differences India is one of the nations that have a big gap between the rich and the poor as well as differences between regions. Such is a challenge that KFC has to go through in its daily activities. It is important to know that the stability of a nation has an effect on the businesses in the nation. Putting into consideration that parts of the nation have people who are poor, it becomes difficult for KFC to establish businesses in such regions (Collings et al. 2007). On the other hand, putting into consideration that some regions are developed than the others, setting up businesses in such regions might prove to be difficult. The reason behind is because KFC needs infrastructure and a conducive working environment. If such is not guaranteed, working in such regions proves to be difficult. High real estate prices High real estate prices have affected the establishment of businesses in India for many years. Before setting up a business, one must deal with the issue of looking for a physical location. Such does not come without one having to part with some amount of money. KFC is just but one of the many organizations that have faced the problem. The high population in India makes the land a scarce resource and in business, when a product is on demand, its price increases by a big percentage (Ciochetto, 2004). It would not be true to say that there are no KFC customers in India, but KFC must spend more on ensuring that it has a physical location where it will be serving its clients from. Customers purchasing power The power of purchasing in any given nation has an effect on the performance of the organizations in the respective areas. Such a problem might have an effect on the individuals in the nation, but it is a national problem. There are different reasons why is it a national problem. Most national problems are influenced by the governments in place. If the government has the capability of creating more jobs for the citizens, it becomes easy for the citizens to be able to purchase goods and services of their choice (Collings et al. 2007). In India, there are specific regions that KFC cannot establish its business. This is because people in the area cannot afford to buy from KFC and that limits the organization to spread its business to different parts of the country. Cultural problems Beliefs In India, beliefs are part and parcel of the residents. The Indians believe in numerous gods, and the gods have an influence on what they eat. For example, most of the Indians do not take beef. The reason behind it is because they consider a cow a sacred animal and eating it is going against the will of their gods. With that in mind, any business that is established in India deals with the products of a cow must be ready to suffer losses. Putting into consideration that KFC also sells fried steak, it becomes difficult for the company to sell the product in India because it is not likely to be bought by the residents. Therefore, such is a factor that is motivated by the beliefs of the customers which affects the business of KFC in India. Eating habits Indians are preserved people, and they live in big families. An Indian at home can prepare food from home and transport it to relatives at work. The eating habits of the Westerners are not the same as those of the Indians. The Indians are very careful with what they eat. At the same time, the way they prepare their meals is very different. One might be seeing an India enjoying his or her meal, just to put the same food in the mouth to find out that is full of pepper; Indians enjoy it that way. Therefore, there is a challenge of adapting the eating habits and the types of meals that the Indians love the most. How KFC has been able to overcome the problems/challenges Research and observations Without any doubt, India is a nation that has a market that is in demand of foods and beverages. However, such cannot be realized if an organization does not work hard to know more about the customers. KFC does not just start a business; it invests enough resources to research. It is through research of what customers want that KFC has been able to overcome all the challenges that it has faced in India. Observation is also a key to the success of KFC (Patwardhan Bardhan, 2014). In its daily activities, KFC makes sure that it observes how the customers react to some of its products. It is important for any given organization to read the psychology of the customers. It is only by doing so that the organization can know what is good for the customers and what is not. By observing the behaviors and reactions of the customers, KFC can know the best strategies to implement so as to meet the needs of the customers. Embracing diversity KFC being an organization that has its roots in the United States must make sure that it identifies the best ways of embracing the people in India. As far as that is concerned, the company has been doing okay, and that has an effect on the operations of the company. By embracing the diversity in India (Lattermann et al. 2009), KFC has been able to manage its restaurants and at the same time work harmoniously with the residents. Listening to customers At KFC, the response of the customer matters. The company is aware that it is in a region where there are people who know more about the region and the residents. It is for this reason that the company takes seriously what the customers have to say about its products. Such has helped the company in different ways. One of the ways is to make the customers feel appreciated thus enhancing brand loyalty (McDonald Wilson, 2011). When the customers are listed, they feel as part and parcel of the bigger organization. Such makes they want to be helpful and supportive to the organization. As a result, KFC can overcome the challenges that it has been facing. Only selling what is embraced by the customers The Indian food market is different from the American food market. The reason behind it is because of the different eating habits as well as the beliefs of the Indian people. Selling everything that KFC sells in other regions has an effect on the business because some of the food end up being wasted because they cannot be eaten in India. To make sure that KFC does not incur losses, the management makes sure that only the food that is embraced in India is available in the restaurants and that plays a big role in overcoming the challenges in place (Sheth, 2011). Recommendation KFC has to ensure their product meets high standards valued by the Indians so as to dominate and gain respect in her market. Their names and symbols do not guarantee dominance in India market since Indians takes business with lot seriousness. This makes their mode of purchasing and culture very different from other people. For this reason, these companies have to substitute their labeling and improve their strategies on production so as to dominate in India market. Listen to Customer Customers are the key variables for a business to develop. Hence, it is very crucial to listen to them to learn their wants and meet their demands. Listening enables a company to improve on value and quantity of their product hence attracting more customers. Making a customer feel comfortable and valued in a business always ensures they come back for more goods and services. Therefore, it is importance to listen to customers' remarks and make the necessary modifications to products and services. Public Relations The most important thing is communication. Multinational companies like KFC need to communicate to its constituents; public and government. They have to hold frequent, open and honest communication to come up with ways to solve issues in a manner which is recognized and resolved. Indian society always appreciates the honest and open approach. Communication is the best way for consumers to learn and understand the company and their products and services. An effective public relation is equivalent to efficient promotion, which results in the customers to purchase products and services. According to Smith a persons behavior and cultural values usually affect a business and its managerial behavior (Smith et al., 2002). Thus, communicating with customers is imperative as related to morals and cultural position. Failing to relate and communicate with the public means that the company will not be noticed, their product will not be known, and they will not get the information on where improv e on their products. Relationship with the government The India government is no transparency in the way it schemes their operations. Therefore, KFC has to ensure that there is a close relationship with the government through participating in it charities and government financed developments such as schools, hospitals, and construction of roads. Indian government and people always appreciate effort towards the growth and development of their country. India is a country trusts in qualitative basis compared to quantifiable basis (Lothar Katz, 2008). Hence keeping a close relationship with the government is imperative as it enables a company to creates and apply a well-established commercial network in India. Presenting market promotions Use of media is the main method of communication used by companies to publicize their products and services in India. The publication makes the public aware of the products hence increasing sales since Indians purchases a commodity which they are fully aware of it information. Also, they usually like to know more about the product and service offered by the company that produces those commodities. Managing Strategy Management methods that are effective in most cases determine the quality of administration given to a company. Most international firms have different supervision methods and managerial culture. For this reason, it is always good to come up with the management system that is conversant with a state's culture and standard (Thite et al. 2017). Use of a foreign management system in India can lead to domestic violence among workers hence using a known management system promote quality and productivity among the employees. It also ensures the company's future growth. Employees will also feel their need are considered and protected by the managing directors. Suggestions Various managing systems can be used depending on the culture of a firm, people way of life, type of workforce, ability of the manager and the nature of the work being done. Management style depends on the country of choice, and it is important to understand the style used in a given Management varies from one another depending on the kind of company and its daily task. Thus it is crucial to learn the company's work and the type of task it conducts to come up with the best management style. It is the work of the managers to cooperate with their workers so as to improve the management systems which in result improves the productivity of the company (Elenkov, 2005). India is a country whereby people value a lot about their culture. Indians are too slow in adapting to new and sudden changes, and they rather stick to their traditional styles of doing things. India is a country where they respect and follow their culture to the latter. Consequently, proper consideration should be initiated for future orientation (Geert Hofstede, 2001). Companies wishing to invest in India should focus on price and quality. This is because Indians consider the value to most of the quality products and services. They usually prefer quality products at the low price rather than quantity. The companies wishing to operate in India have to consider quality products rather than quantity. In the commercial operation, it is not only the matter of protection in the present situation to encourage a stable success but also the need to put in mind emerging market designs since market nature changes with new operators. The above recommendations are to be considered for any company intending to enter Indian market or any other country that has cross culture. For a company to coordinate trade efficiently, it has to solve the above problems, particularly when operating in foreign origin. They have to consider these critical points for them to be successful. Forecast and Predictions India cooperation has achieved a good image for the past years giving them a good chance to dominate the Indian market. This will be made possible because Indians are the once that give more importance to quality and trust of all brands image enabling them to dominate the market in India. They can get good customer base as Indian's population is very high. Apart from this, India customers comprise of a high number of young people who are adopting the new social standards and supporting westernization. As a result of globalization, many international companies have come to the Indian market and Indians have cooperated with them. The likes of KFC and McDonald's which still have large potential and opportunities in the country, Fast foods, chicken, and snacks have increased which is the greatest opportunity to McDonald and KFC to make good stands in an Indian market. Conclusion KFC has established itself in India; the utmost evident aspect is these companies is not following and bearing in mind the communal, traditional trend and traits. Culture is the most significant aspect which the companies should keep in mind for more development. Apart from this the other key disadvantage which multinational cooperation are facing is either working against the environment or is abusing the environment. Therefore farmers are facing many problems with their farms as a result of pollution from these companies. Because of these externalities, much multinational cooperation such as KFC is facing difficulties in countries like India. Moreover, those living along these companies face a lot of challenging ranging from noise to air pollution. From the above-discussed ideas, recommendations, and analysis, one can conclude that the way of life among Indian communities is the firm encouraging development of industries in India, but these companies are polluting the environment raising conflicts between the state and it citizens. Therefore, these companies should come up with committed corporate communal workers to monitor the performance of those allocated with environmental duties to ensure that they perform their duties of protecting the environment. Taking part in these environmental duties has enabled KFC to dominate the Indian market. Reference Aiyer, A. (2007). 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A multinational comparison of key ethical issues helps and challenges in the purchasing and supply management profession: the key implications for business and the professions. Journal of Business Ethics, 83-100. De Mooij, M. (2013). Global marketing and advertising: Understanding cultural paradoxes. Sage Publications. Gardberg, N. A., Fombrun, C. J. (2006). Corporate Citizenship: Creating Intangible assets across institutional environments. Academy of Management Review, 31(2), 329-346. La Ferle, C., Kuber, G., Edwards, S. M. (2013). Factors impacting responses to cause-related marketing in India and the United States: Novelty, altruistic motives, and company origin. Journal of Business Research, 66(3), 364-373. McDonald, M., Wilson, H. (2011). Marketing Plans: How to prepare them, how to use them. John Wiley Sons. Patwardhan, P., Bardhan, N. (2014). Worlds apart or a part of the world? Public relations issues and challenges in India. Public Relations Review, 40(3), 408-419. 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Monday, April 20, 2020
The Ancient Maya Essay, Research Paper The Maya of Mesoamerica, along with the Aztecs of Mexico and the Incas of Peru, made up the high civilisations of the American Indians at the clip of the Spanish conquering. Both the Aztecs and the Incas were late civilisations, between 1300-1533 AD, but the Maya of the Yucatan and Guatemala exhibited a cultural continuity crossing more than 2,000 old ages, 1000 BC-AD 1542. Many facets of this civilization continue yet today. The Ancient Maya in their clip had really refined authorship. They had an extended written linguistic communication, which was both phonic every bit good as ideographic. One of merely five independently created composing systems in human history. Maya words were in hieroglyphs, each image with its ain significance. Unlike other ancient Cardinal American civilisations, the Maya could compose in words, sentences, and even narratives. Arranging several images together in a logical signifier would make a narrative. We will write a custom essay sample on The Ancient Maya Essay Research Paper The or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The Maya covered their metropoliss and edifices with hieroglyphs carved into the rock. Most of the Maya could read some hieroglyphs, but the priests and Lords were the lone people who really had cognition of the full linguistic communication. The Maya would besides usage quills made of turkey plumes to compose in books made of soft bark taken from a type of fig tree. Religion was the centre of the Mayan life. Mayans believed that there were two degrees of the universe. The first degree was the physical universe and the second was the religious universe, which consisted of the old dead ascendants, Gods, and other supernatural animals. The Mayan male monarchs and religious leaders would state the lower degrees of the society what would delight the Gods. The Gods were modeled after animate beings for sacrificial intents and spiritual ceremonials. The antediluvian Maya had many beliefs. They had possessed an in deepness apprehension of uranology, technology, and mathematics. The Maya believed that the Sun, Moon, and other planets, had been journeys of the Gods. The Mayan priests studied their measuring of clip. The Maya had a calendar with 18 months each incorporating 20 yearss, plus 5 luckless yearss that made up the Mayan twelvemonth. They besides had a spiritual calendar that had 260 yearss in it. Each twenty-four hours was given a name and a figure. They believed that each twenty-four hours was a God that carried the weight of the twenty-four hours on its dorsum. The Mayan civilisation in all phases has been based on agribusiness. Indian maize or corn was domesticated from a wild grass in cardinal Mexico about 7,000 old ages ago and sustained most sedentary Indian civilisations from that clip. In the humid countries, a excess of H2O and rapid growing of trees and vines encouraged the slash-and-burn agriculture method. The husbandman cleared the corn field by cutting shrubs and deadening the trees, us ually near the terminal of the rainy season, leting the piled coppice to dry under the hot Sun of the dry season. It is known that the Mayas enjoyed cocoa. They had it in many signifiers from a bubbling drink to a pulpy pulp. The Mayas referred to chocolate as The Drink of the Gods. They had other nutrient such as Indian meal, corn, black beans, roasted meat, coney fret, Meleagris gallopavo and other meats. Many people chewed of the foliages of the Manilkara zapota tree as a gum-like substance. The Mayan civilization had many humanistic disciplines, such as dance, music and vesture. They had more than 5,000 dances and loved music. Dancing was a immense portion of spiritual ceremonials. Musicians played wooden flutes and huntsmans horns made of wood, seashells, or clay, and membranophones made from turtle shells. For dressing the work forces would hold worn an ex ( marked eh-sh ) which is a loincloth. The adult females would have on loose sack-like frocks. The apparels of the Lords and priests were made up of finer stuffs and had many shells and beads on them. For ceremonials they would have on beautiful headgears for spiritual intents. As for beauty, the Mayans had a sense of beauty that would be seen as horrid in our present society. They practiced skull distortion by binding boards to the brow of newborn kids. They besides had filed their dentitions down to a point and so placed jade into the holes. The Maya had besides traded their ownerships for many things such as gold, Cu, jade, cotton, salt, plumes, and chocolate tree. These are all illustrations of art to the Maya. The Maya were an unbelievable civilisation. Cipher knows precisely why the imperium had fallen. Maybe it was when the provincials got ill of the priests stating them what to make and had abandoned small towns, doing the prostration. At any rate, there were many interesting facts that were non covered here. Here now are a few illustrations. During drouths, the Mayans would eat pets to last, and the Maya were the first people in the New World to maintain historical records, and that a jurisprudence stated that Mayan work forces would hold to get married by the clip that they were 20. The adult females would besides had to be wed at a immature age, normally around the age of 16. There are many fantastic facts about the Maya civilization because of the clip that they were about was rather long. As you see, I highlighted many facts about the Maya, including their authorship, beliefs, faith, agribusiness, humanistic disciplines, and other interesting facts. The Maya were an interesting civilisation and go on to exhibit their unusual but fantastic beliefs yet today. The mayan people had accomplished many things that few other antediluvian civiliations have accomplished, including their ablility to write, have a good comprehension of uranology, and still last the changing universe for many old ages. 327
Sunday, March 15, 2020
Disney Marketing Paper Essay Example Disney Marketing Paper Paper Disney Marketing Paper Paper This takes great planning and heavy research to make sure hat the Wall-E is being marketed as the right product, at the right price, sold in the right place, and promoted the best way. Some ways this can be done is by targeting a specific market location, identifying potential buyers (as well as the influences that make their purchasing decisions), and understanding the competitive landscape. Understanding and learning about these areas will help Disney launch the Wall-E toy in the best possible way. Segmentation and the Target Market To create a successful marketing strategy, Disney must first answer the question, who Is the customer who will be most Interested In new voice-activated robotic Wall-E toy. In order to find out the answer to that question, Disney must divide the market up into groups of customers with distinct needs, characteristics or behaviors, then select the segment that best suits the product; this is called market segmentation. The next step in this process of developing a marketing strategy is to decide how to best serve the target customer. This step is known as target marketing. Target marketing is a process to evaluate each of the segments and to select the one or more segments hat will generate the most customer satisfaction and the highest level of profitability. Target market selection is crucial to productive marketing efforts. Products and even companies sometimes fail because marketers do not identify appropriate customer groups at which to alma their efforts. Identification and analysis of a target market provide a foundation on which a marketing mix can be developed? (DDCD Marketing, 2006). The new release of the Disney,Polar movie, Wall-E Is currently for Pixies third-largest opening with $62. 5 million, according to studio estimates from Nielsen (Bowels, 2008). According to Scott Bowels from USA Today, surprisingly more than a fifth of the audience, during the opening weekend, included adults without children. The Disney Corporations numerous market segments all seem to be related and reinforce each other: The Disney Stores promote the consumer products which promote the [theme] parks which promote the television shows. The television shows promote the company (Seder, 2008). Ebbed also suggests, children are increasingly the target of advertising and marketing because of the amount of money they spend themselves, the influence they have on their parents spending (the nag factor) and because of the money they will spend when they grow With this In mind, Disney/Polar will broadly Identify the target customer for the new robotic toy as children. Children and teens, of all ages who presently watch the Disney channel will see previews for ten movie Ana commercials Tort ten product Trot ten movie. Enlarge will tombstone, ask parents to go see the movie and ultimately to the store to shop for related merchandise. Buyer/Consumer Disney has been a major player in toy development for decades and has always been n innovator when it comes to robotics and animation. Wholesale and retail buyers will not be in short demand. Most organizations are going to use the markups to price Wall-E, so price should not be an influential factor. Quality will be. Disney has a Strategic Sourcing and Procurement organization that will work with product development in order to select vendors that will bring the best value to the Wall-E robot. One of those vendors was Thinking Toys. Disney and Thinking Toys have teamed up in the past on such projects as Toy Story, Little Mermaid and Beauty in the Beast (thanklessly. Com). Thinking Toys has won numerous awards regarding quality and product. Having these types of partners on board will ease the concerns of organizational buyers. Demand will also be an influential factor for buyers. The continued success of the movie as well as promotions should keep demand high. Disney will be best served to continue to partner with numerous companies from local and regional retailers and wholesalers to the larger global ones such as Toy-R-Us. Additionally, Disney Interactive as well as the numerous Disney stores around the globe can stock their shelves according to their local markets emend and their distribution network will ensure there is always stock in hand. The consumers of the Wall-E robot are mostly going to be parents of children from ages 6 through their mid-teens. These are going to be parents at least in the working class or lower middle class income bracket and above. The Wall-E robot, while still cheaper than its more advanced competitor, is still an expensive item. Parents with tighter budgets constraints are going to be hesitant to purchase such an expensive item. The working class is also the majority class in the U. S. Making it the most ideal market to target. Working class consumers cover a broad range of different types, but they will be influenced by price more so than classes above them. Rebate offers may be very effective if deployed during a lag in sales. Middle class consumers have a comfortable standard of living, economic security, and will be more willing to spend the extra money to satisfy their wants. Warranties and service will be more important here as well as the Disney brand. Competitive Landscape Competitive landscape analysis identifies who the competitors are ND what the competitor is doing in order to generate sales of the product. The best way for an organization to compete is to prepare them with an in-depth knowledge of what the competition is doing. Chris Byrne, contributing editor of Raving Toy Maniac News, stated of the competitive landscape, there are innovations across the board, which deliver more fun no matter what kids are playing with. The interactive Wall-E two biggest competitors are the Polo dinosaur and the Ultimate Bumblebee Transformer. Polo is an interactive robotic dinosaur that is designed from the same maker of the Furry. This techno dinosaur is equipped with 35 sensors throughout its body, allowing Polo to react instantly to slant, sound Ana touch . I en Polo Languor Is also Adult Walt a camera-oases vowels system for light detection and navigation within its plane. With a price tag of 350 dollars, this high-end toy is not made for the average consumer. The Ultimate Bumblebee Transformer is a spoof from the original Japanese toy line, which debuted in 1984. The Transformers toys line from Hasher is unique in the fact that it features a toy vehicle that can be modified and changed into a robot, which is perfect or an inquisitive young boy. The Ultimate Bumblebee Transformer features an advanced animators design, which means the toy can move itself when in robot mode. His arms and wings move up and down, and his head moves from side to side. It seems to have full sound detection capabilities. It responds to noises, like clapping, by turning and making sounds. At $90, is said to be perfect for older children, toy collectors, and for adults with their inner child waiting to come out and play (Rose, 2006). The Wall-E is interesting, in that it combines characteristics from the top brand. With the price tag of $120, Wall-E falls in the middle-tier of its competitors. However, Wall-E wins the competitive edge stemming from the features-to-cost ratio against the top leaders. Dealing with competition can be difficult, as the competitor can duplicate the product or even improve on the strategies. It is critical for organizations to have a unique selling proposition that puts it above the competition. Conclusion All in all, research shows that Disney has identified their target market for the new voice activated robotic Wall-E toy to be parents of children from ages 6 through mid- teens. The targeted market location is believed to be in the working class, which covers a broad range of individuals, who will be influenced by the price more so than classes above them. Wall-E will be promoted through the Disney channel and commercials of the Wall-E movie. The toys top competitors are identified as the Polo dinosaur and the Ultimate Bumblebee Transformer. Both have features like the Wall- E robot, but the price is more reasonable for its targeted market. Being the movie tied for third largest opening with $62. 5 million, Disney should have great success with the release of the new Wall-E toy.
Friday, February 28, 2020
America's Constitution - Assignment Example By taking this action, the plaintiff queried if it was really constitutional. Although it was done under the guidance of the Takings Clauses of the Fifth Amendment, it was challenged for not in a compliance with the public purpose. However, according to the Michigan Comp Laws clause 213.23, a county government has an authority to condemn a private property and use it for public purposes. Meaning, whenever a municipality decides to condemn a private property, it should be used for the activities which are meant for the common good such as the creation of employment opportunities to the citizens. So, like in this case, the municipality was constructing the park to help in generating numerous jobs to the people. This would be a good initiative that would help in reducing the high rate of unemployment within the municipality and helping the municipality to increase its revenues through taxation. As clearly spelled out in the article 10(2) of the Michigan Constitution, any constitutional condemnation should be justly done. Meaning, whenever the government seizes a private property, the owner must be fairly and justly compensated. A fair compensation simply refers to giving financial payments that correspond to the current and actual market value of the property as at the time of condemnation (Amar93). Therefore, while planning to build such a big park, the County of Wayne must be ready to compensate all the individual owners whose property has been condemned. After all, condemnation is a constitutional process that is permitted by the law if done for a public purpose.
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
Division of Labor within the family - Research Paper Example These three elements, as spelled by White, highlight how three needs Ã¢â¬â the social, natural and biological Ã¢â¬â have forced the family into the division of roles. This is demonstrated in the way family, in its history, has taken many forms and how each member has been given tasks to ensure it the best chance for survival. This paper will outline the significant forms that the family and community have taken through the years and how the sociological, biological and natural needs are being met. Specifically, this paper will identify its bearing on the division of labor and responsibilities within the family. In order to be able to establish the foundation of this paper, it is necessary to explain the fundamental concepts of the family, the division of labor and their relationship. In the process, the social, biological and natural factors that cause the division of labor within the family will also be identified. Scholars began to take interest in the development of the human institution called the family in 1860s and this resulted to the investigation of its history. According to Patricia Rosof, these scholars sought the origins and examined the development of the family because by doing so, they would be able to understand patterns of kinship structures, marriage, and inheritance, as well as explanations to familial traditions, among other matrimonial values. (1) With this scholarly interest, the definition of family became a necessity. Because of development and cultural differences, there is no standard definition or clear legally outlined meaning for the family but for the purposes of this study, the definition offered by the US Bureau of Census will be used. It states that, Ã¢â¬Å"a family consists of two or more persons who are living together and who are bound to each other by kinship, marriage or adoption.Ã¢â¬ (Skirbekk 118) The structure of family and the relationships therein at a particular time and place can yield invaluable